The small town of ancient Corinth was one of the main cities in Greece in 3,000 BC and the second largest city in the Peloponnese (Patra being the largest). The town inhabited between 5,000–3,000 BC was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC.
Its position on the Isthmus of Corinth, positioned it for extensive trading, and its powerful navy made Corinth one of the richest cities in ancient Greece. Today ancient Corinth is a picturesque little town with a distinct island feel.
The archaeological site is surrounded by small streets, quaint tavernas, ouzeris, and cafés, which capture the atmosphere of a typical Greek town. The main building on the site is the Temple of Apollo, one of the most ancient stone temples in Greece. 7 of its original 38 Doric columns remain intact. You can also see the Forum built by the Romans 2,000 years ago and the museum, which contains many artifacts found at the site. Atop Acrocorinth are the remains of the Temple of Aphrodite and the defensive walls.
A sacred spring located near Lechaion Road was covered by building in the 5th century BC. Next to the spring appears a secret tunnel leading to a sacred shrine, which actual use is not really clear.
The Forum contains the Bema (public platform) where Saint Paul pleaded for his life before the Roman Governor Gallio in 52 AD. Also inside the Forum are the remains of the Peirene Fountain, the major source of water for Corinth.
Some of the Archaeological Museum of ancient Corinth exhibits are religious artefacts, inscriptions of Gallio and Erastus, a synagogue inscription, and menorah reliefs.
The area of ancient Corinth has abundance of ancient ruins and artefacts being discovered continuously while digging for new construction. Therefore the local residents stopped buying land because all excavations end up uncovering archaeological finds and the area is expropriated as an archaeological site.